Unveiling the Dynamics of Women's Self-Help Groups: Exploring Socio-Economic and Socio-Psychological Factors in Debre Birhan, Ethiopia

Nebeyu Yohannes Wassie (1) , Daniel Tefera Abebe (2)
(1) School of Psychology, College of Education and Behavioral Studies, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa , Ethiopia
(2) School of Psychology, College of Education and Behavioral Studies, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia , Ethiopia

Abstract

The study aimed to address the critical research gap in understanding the effectiveness of Group Dynamics (GD) within Self-Help Groups (SHGs) in the Ethiopian context. Specifically, it sought to examine the extent to which socioeconomic and sociopsychological variables predicted group dynamics and how well these dynamics predicted attitudes among SHG members. A correlational design was employed to investigate the relationships between various variables. A sample of 372 SHG members was selected using simple random sampling. Data analysis included correlation and multiple regression techniques. Assumptions of normality, outliers, and multicollinearity were assessed and met. The results revealed several significant findings. Firstly, attitude, extension contact, socioeconomic profile, and social participation of SHG members were found to have statistically significant positive relationships with Group Dynamics Effectiveness (GDE). Secondly, the regression model including these predictors significantly explained 59.3% of the variance in GDE. Attitude emerged as the strongest predictor, contributing 18.5% uniquely to explaining GDE. Lastly, the socioeconomic profile of SHG members was identified as the weakest predictor, explaining only 0.5% of the unique variance in GDE. The study concluded that there is a significant relationship between various factors such as attitude, extension contact, socioeconomic status, and social participation with the effectiveness of group dynamics within SHGs in Ethiopia. Attitude was highlighted as the most influential factor contributing to GDE, while socioeconomic status had a relatively minimal impact. These findings have important implications for the design and implementation of SHG programs in Ethiopia. Specifically, efforts to enhance attitude and extension contact among SHG members may lead to more effective group dynamics, ultimately improving the overall success and impact of SHG initiatives on socioeconomic development in the region.

Full Article

Generated from XML file

References

Behera, B., Behera, C., & Behera, A. (2015). Information-seeking behavior and group dynamics of WSHG's in Puri district of Odisha. International Journal of Agricultural Science and Research TJPRC Pvt. Ltd., 5(5), 433-438.

Brody, C., De Hoop, T., Vojtkova, M., Warnock, R., Dunbar, M., Murthy, P., & Dworkin, S.L. (2016). Economic self-help group programmes for improving women's empowerment: Systematic Review. London: International Initiative for Impact Evaluation. http://doi.org/10.23846/SRS011

Brown, R., & Williams, R. (1984). Group self-esteem and levels of individual self-esteem: Does self-esteem equality in groups create equal self-esteem among their members? Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 47(6), 1294-1304.

Chandrashekar, H. M., & Lokesh, M. U. (2009). Role of SHGs in socioeconomic change of vulnerable Poor. International NGO Journal, 4(4), 127-131. http://www.academicjournals.org/INGOJ

Chandravadia, K., Parmar, S. J., & Bariya M.K. (2017). Dynamic profile of the SHGs women and their association towards group dynamics effectiveness. International Journal of Research in Applied, Natural and Social Sciences, 5(3), 151-156.

Cohen, L., Manion, L., & Morrison, K. (2005). Research methods in education (Ed). Taylor & Francis e- Library.

Consortium of Self-Help Approach Promoters. (2016). The contribution of self-help groups for livelihood improvement of women living under extreme poverty. Report on the joint research project of Ethiopian Economics Association and CoSAP.

Consortium of Self-Help Approach Promoters. (2013). A best practice document on self-help group approach in Ethiopia. CoSAP, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Consortium of Self-Help Approach Promoters. (2022). Annual Report. Consortium of Self-Help Group Approach Promoters, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Creswell, J. W. (2012). Educational research; planning, conducting, and evaluating quantitative and qualitative research (Ed.). Edwards Brothers, Inc.

Das, R. (2015). Emergence and activities of self-help group: a great effort and implementation for women's empowerment as well as rural development. A study on Khejuri blocks in Purba Medinipur, West Bengal. Journal of Humanities and Social Science, 20(1), 28-39

DeVellis, R. F. (2003). Scale Development: Theory and Application (ed), Sage, Thousand Oaks.

Doise, W. (1978). Groups and individuals: Explanations in social psychology. (Trans D. Graham). Cambridge U Press.

Drury, J., & Tajfel, H. (1996). Social identity theory and social psychology of intergroup relations. European Journal of Social Psychology, 26(4), 533-552. https://doi.org/10.1002/ejsp.2108

Evans, N., & Jarvis, P. (1986). The Group Attitude Scale: A Measure of Attraction to Group. Small Group Behavior, 17(2), 203-216. Sage Publications, Inc. https://doi.org/10.1177/104649648601700205

Forsyth, D. R. (2010). Group dynamics (Ed.). Wadsworth, Cengage Learning.

Ganguly, S. (2005). A study of women self-help group dynamics in dairying (Master's thesis). National Dairy Research Institute, Deemed University. Haryana, India.

Garai, S., Mazumder, G., & Maiti, S. (2013). Group dynamics effectiveness among self-help groups -in West Bengal. Indian Res. J. Ext. Edu., 13(1), 68-71. http://www.seea.org.in/vol13-1-2013/13.pdf

Hüseyin G. (2019). Group Dynamics and Behaviour. Universal Journal of Educational Research, 7(1), 223 - 229. https://doi.org/10.13189/ujer.2019.070128

Kidwell, R., & Valentine, S. (2009). Positive Group Context, Work Attitudes, and Organizational Misbehavior: The Case of Withholding Job Effort. Journal of Business Ethics, 86(1), 15-28. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10551-008-9790-4

Kindernothilfe (2014). The Self Help Group Approach Manual. Kindernothilfe V.

Klep, A., Wisse, B., & Van Der Flier, H. (2011). Interactive affective sharing versus non-interactive affective sharing in workgroups: Comparative effects of group effect on work group performance and dynamics. European Journal of Social Psychology, 41, 312-323. https://doi.org/10.1002/ejsp.775

Krejcie, R. V., & Morgan, D. W. (1970). Determining sample size for research activities. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 30(3), 607-610.

Narayanaswamy, B., Narayana, K., & Nagaraja, M. (2016). Group dynamics and collective performance of self-help groups under different microcredit delivery models in Karnataka. Indian Journal of Agricultural Economics, 64(4), 604-617.

Parmar, S., & Jadeja, R. M. (2015). Quintessence of group dimensions in relation to self-help group's development in Gujarat. International Journal of Agricultural Science and Research (IJASR), 5(2), 59-66. TJPRC Pvt. Ltd.

Parmar, S., Deshmukh, G., & Jadeja, R. M. (2016). Women SHGs' amelioration through group dynamic effectiveness in Gujarat. Indian Res. J. Ext. Edu., 16(2), 47- 50.

Patil, C., Patel, J., Gattupalli, N., Bellagi, R., & Manunayaka, G. (2020). Direct and Indirect Effect between the Antecedent Characteristics of Women Self-help Groups of Gujarat and their Group Dynamics. Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, 38(4), 38-42. https://doi.org/10.9734/ajaees/2020/v38i430335

Pettigrew, T. F., & Tropp, L. R. (2006). A meta-analytic test of intergroup contact theory. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 90(3), 557-582. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.90.5.751

Ridgeway, C. (2011). Framed by Gender: How Gender Inequality Persists in the Modern World. Oxford University Press.

Saikumar, C., Bharamappanavara, & Jose, M. (2015). Group dynamics and collective performance of self-help groups under different microcredit delivery models in Karnataka. Agricultural Economics Research Review, 28 (1), 127-138. https://doi.org/10.5958/0974-0279.2015.00010.5

Saravanan, M. (2016). The impact of self-help groups on the socio-economic development of rural household women in Tamilnadu. International Journal of Research, 4(7), 22-31. https://doi.org/10.29121/granthaalayah.v4.i7(SE).2016.2624

Stafford, P., & Wheatley, M. J. (2015). Embodiment and rhythm in organizations: A systems theory perspective. Organization Studies, 36(9), 1139-1162.

Sujata, P., Jadeja, R.M., & Bariya, M. (2015). Collective action; key element for rural women empowerment. International Journal of Applied and Natural Sciences (IJANS), 4(4), 57-63.

Sujata, P., Makvana, B., & Kanani, P. (2016). Women SHGs' upliftment through group dynamic effectiveness in Gujarat. International Journal of Agriculture Sciences, 8 (22), 1440-1442.

Tajfel, H., & Turner, J. C. (1979). An integrative theory of intergroup conflict. The social psychology of intergroup relations. Monterey, CA: Brooks/Cole.

Vipinkumar, V. P. (1998). Self-help group dynamics of Kerala horticulture development programme (Doctoral dissertation). Division of Agricultural Extension; Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi.

Vipinkumar, V. P., Asokan, P.K., Mohamed, K. S., Kripa, V., Sasikumar, G., Vidya, R., et al. (2015). Gender perspective and effectiveness of group dynamics in women empowerment: a study on self-help group initiative in Mussel farming along the Malabar Coast, Southern India. Discovery International Journal, 49(226), 1-27.

Vipinkumar.V.P. & Asokan.P.K. (2014). A study of self-help group dynamics of women in Malabar fisheries sector. Indian Res. J. Ext. Edu., 14 (2), 25-30.

Authors

Nebeyu Yohannes Wassie
nebapsyc11@gmail.com (Primary Contact)
Daniel Tefera Abebe
Author Biographies

Nebeyu Yohannes Wassie, School of Psychology, College of Education and Behavioral Studies, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa

Nebeyu Yohannes Wassie has a BA in Psychology & Sociology, an MA in Social Psychology, & is currently pursuing a PhD in Applied Social Psychology with  7 years of experience as a Psychology lecturer at Dire Dawa University & over 9 years of experience in international development & humanitarian organisations in Ethiopia as a Senior Grants Manager, Programme Coordinator, & Senior Monitoring and Evaluation Officer.

Daniel Tefera Abebe, School of Psychology, College of Education and Behavioral Studies, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia

Daniel Tefera Abebe PhD in Applied Developmental Psychology is an Associate Professor, the School of Psychology at Addis Ababa University.

Wassie, N. Y., & Abebe, D. T. (2024). Unveiling the Dynamics of Women’s Self-Help Groups: Exploring Socio-Economic and Socio-Psychological Factors in Debre Birhan, Ethiopia. Innovation Journal of Social Sciences and Economic Review, 6(1), 01–10. https://doi.org/10.36923/ijsser.v6i1.244

Article Details

Smart Citations via scite_