Problem-Based Learning Approach for Elementary Schools: A case study of five Years Compulsory Education system

Akbar Ali Hussain (1) , Shamim Akhter (2) , Abrar Hussain Qureshi (3) , Komal Khan (4)
(1) Faculty of education, university of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan. , Pakistan
(2) School of Languages, Civilisation and Philosophy, Universiti Utara Malaysia, Malaysia , Pakistan
(3) Department of English, University of Sahiwal, Sahiwal, Pakistan. , Pakistan
(4) Lecturer English, Institute of Southern Punjab, Multan, Pakistan. , Pakistan


Purpose of Study: The aim of the study is to identify and build an appropriate learning model for elementary school students that will ensure a quiet learning environment.

Methodology: This research used both qualitative and quantitative approaches, as well as research and development techniques. The research was divided into two stages: exploration and experimental studies. Meanwhile, 50 learners, thirteen educational tutors, and six persons from the literacy program administration were chosen for the analysis by purposive sampling.

Main Finding: According to the findings of the study, problem-based learning contributed to an increase in literacy in an entrepreneurship literacy program.

Research Implication: The study's findings revealed that PBL implementation was anchored in a learning program and learning management. The discovery also aids in the development of the curriculum's learning methodologies, learning resources, learning media, and learning evaluation.

Novelty/Originality: It is critical to increase literacy abilities in order to read, write, and assess problems. This research examines and describes the problem-based learning technique for developing literacy competency and assisting readers in improving their reading skills.

Full Article

Generated from XML file


Afreen, M. (2021). Transition Assessment of the Bangladeshi Financial Market Stress Regimes: A Markov Switching Modeling Approach. International Journal of Social Sciences and Economic Review, 3(1), 07-11.

Ahmad, I. (2014). Critical Analysis of the Problems of Education in Pakistan: Possible Solutions. International Journal of Evaluation and Research in Education, 3(2), 79-84.

Akhtar Malik, N. (2019). Occupational Stress and Burnout among University Teachers in Pakistan and Finland.

Alam, H. R., & Shakir, M. (2019). Causes of the passive attitude in children at early grade level. International Journal of Social Sciences and Economic Review, 1(1), 16-21.

Aslam, H. D. (2011). Analyzing professional development practices for teachers in public universities of Pakistan. Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences, 2(4), 97-97.

Bandy, J. (2016). What is service learning or community engagement. Center for Teaching, Vanderbilt University. https://cft. vanderbilt. edu/guides-subpages/teaching-through-community-engagement.

Brookfield, S. (1984). Self-directed adult learning: A critical paradigm. Adult Education Quarterly, 35(2), 59-71.

Collins, N., Bekenova, K., & Kagarmanova, A. (2018). EL-CSID Policy Brief 5: Health diplomacy of the European Union and its member states in Central Asia. Institute for European Studies Issue 2018/5.

Gall, M. D., Borg, W. R., & Gall, J. P. (1996). Educational research: An introduction: Longman Publishing.

Ignoffo, R., Chan, L., Knapp, K., Chan, E., Ip, E., Bandy, J., . . . Galanto, J. S. (2017). Efficient and effective precepting of pharmacy students in acute and ambulatory care rotations: A Delphi expert panel study. American Journal of Health-System Pharmacy, 74(19), 1570-1578.

Kazmi, S. W., & Quran, H. (2005). Role of education in globalization: A case for Pakistan. SAARC journal of human resource development, 1(1), 90-107.

Khalid, S. M., & Khan, M. F. (2006). Pakistan: The state of education. The Muslim World, 96(2), 305-322.

Khan, A., Khan, S., Zia-Ul-Islam, S., & Khan, M. (2017). Communication Skills of a Teacher and Its Role in the Development of the Students' Academic Success. Journal of Education and Practice, 8(1), 18-21.

Mehboob, F., & Othman, N. (2020). Examining the Links Leading to Behavioral Support for Change: An Expectancy Theory Perspective. International Journal of Social Sciences and Economic Review, 1-08.

Nugmanova, M., Mikkola, H., Rozanov, A., & Komleva, V. (2020). Education, Human Rights and Peace in Sustainable Development: BoD–Books on Demand.

Robinson, C., Phillips, L., & Quennerstedt, A. (2020). Human rights education: developing a theoretical understanding of teachers’ responsibilities. Educational Review, 72(2), 220-241.

Saeed, M. (2007). Education System of Pakistan and the UK: Comparisons in Context to Inter-provincial and Inter-countries Reflections. Bulletin of Education & Research, 29(2), 43-57.

Tawil, S., & Locatelli, R. (2015). Rethinking Education: Towards a Global Comon Good: Paris: Unesco.


Akbar Ali Hussain (Primary Contact)
Shamim Akhter
Abrar Hussain Qureshi
Komal Khan
Hussain, A. A. ., Akhter, S., Qureshi, A. H. ., & Khan, K. (2021). Problem-Based Learning Approach for Elementary Schools: A case study of five Years Compulsory Education system. Innovation Journal of Social Sciences and Economic Review, 3(2), 10–14.

Article Details

Smart Citations via scite_