Effect of Substance Abuse on Nigeria’s Economic Performance
Keywords:Drug Abuse, Narcotic, Rehabilitated, individual, Substance Abuse, Nigeria.
Purpose of the study: This study investigated the effect of substance abuse on the real growth rate in Nigeria between 1993 and 2017. The study specifically examined the period-based impact of substance abuse prevalence and rehabilitated individual drug addicts on the actual growth rate of the Nigerian economy.
Methodology: Autoregressive distributed lag and co-integration/bound test techniques were employed to analyze the data obtained. In between, correlation analysis and preliminary tests were carried out.
Main findings: The study found out that substance abuse and rehabilitated drug individuals have a significant impact on economic performance. While substance abuse has a significant negative impact, rehabilitated, individual drug addicts have a significant positive impact. However, in the long run, there was no indication of a significant impact on the Nigerian economy.
Research limitations/implications: This study will be of use to the National Drug Law Enforcement Agency, the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, the National Institute on Drug Abuse, and most drug control programs in many countries. The Ministries of Economic Planning to examine the extent to which drug abuse has had an economic impact.
Novelty/Originality of this study: Economic analysis showcasing the effect of drug abuse prevalence and rehabilitated individuals on economic performance is quite scanty. This work creates a good reference point in areas of health economics and macroeconomics generally. It allows readers to know the genesis of drug trafficking and abuse in Nigeria.
Botvin, G. J., Baker, E., Dusenbury, L., Botvin, E. M., & Diaz, T. (1995). Long-term follow-up results of a randomized drug abuse prevention trial in a white middle-class population. Jama, 273(14), 1106-1112.
Buddy, T. (2020). The Dangers of Substance abuse in the Workplace. Verry Wellmimd. Retreived from verrywellmind.com/substance.
Eric, S., Lynda, R., Xiaodi, X., & Jurgen, R. (2000). The cost of Substance Abuse in Canada. Canadian Center on Substance Abuse (CCSA). Retrieved from https://www.issup.net/about-issup/international-partners/ccsa
Forbes Africa (2017). The High Price of Addiction. Forbes Africa. Retrieved from https://www.forbesafrica.com/focus/2017/09/05/high-price-addiction/
GFI (2017). Global Financial Index. Global Financial Inclusion. Retrieved from https//globalfindex.worldbank.org.
Goplerud, E., Hodge, S., & Benham, T. (2017). A substance use cost calculator for U.S. employers with an emphasis on prescription pain medication misuse. Journal of occupational and environmental medicine, 59(11), 1063.
Ijie, I. J. (2016). The Social and Health Effects of Drug Abuse. A lecture presented at Guard Brigade Headquarters to Personnel of 7 Guards Battalion and their families, Abuja, FCT. Development. www.incb.org>English Retrieved on 11-02-18
Ijie, I. J. (2019). Government Expenditure on Substance Abuse Persons and Economic Growth: 1993-2017. Unpublished PhD Thesis submitted to the Department of Economics University of Abuja.
Ijie, I. J., & Babalola, A. (2020). Substance Abuse, Labour Force and Economic Growth in Nigeria: An Empirical Analysis. Scholars’ Press, USA.
INCB (2012). Economic Consequences of Drug Abuse. National Budget for Agriculture and Rural. Retrieved from https://www.incb.org/documents/Publications/AnnualReports/Thematic_chapters/English/AR_2013_E_Chapter_I.
Kaestner, R. (1999). Does drug use cause poverty? In the Economic Analysis of Substance Use and Abuse: An Integration of Econometric and Behavioral Economic Research (pp. 327-368). University of Chicago Press.
Kristin, B., Synnove, M. I., & Torleif, H. (2018). Alcohol Related Absence and Presenteeism: Beyond Productivity Loss. International Journal of Drug Policy. Vol. 58 Pg. 71-77.
Mitchel, O. (2015). Drug Abuse Enlightenment. NDLEA Public Relation Office, on the occasion of a public lecture on,NDLEA Headquarters, Ikoyi, Lagos.
Murray, D. M. (1998). Design and analysis of group-randomized trials (Vol. 29). Oxford University Press, USA.
NDCMP (1999) National Drug Control Master Plan NDLEA 1999. Retrieved from https://www.unodc.org/documents/nigeria/Drug-response/NDCMP_book_
NDLEA (2015). Drug Seizure Report. National Drug Law Enforcement Agency. Retrieved from https://ndlea.gov.ng/annual-reports/
NDLEA Drug Data Report (2017). Drug Use Survey. Retrieved from https://ndlea.gov.ng/annual-reports/
NIDA (2018). Drug Misuse and addiction. National Institute on Drug Abuse. Retrieved from www.drugabuse.gov>drugs
Roldes, M. I. (2014). The Longitudinal Effects of Drug Use on Productivity Status of Non-Metropolitan African American Young Adults. SAGE Journals. Retrieved from https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/0047237915573524
South African Depression and Anxiety Group (2013). Retrieved from www.sadag.org
Terza, V. J. & Peter, B. V. (2007). The Effects of Substance Abuse on Employment Status. Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Substance Abuse Policy Research Programe. Retrieved from https://www.rwjf.org/en/library/research/2012/01/substance-abuse-policy-research-program.
UNDCP (2009). United Nation International Drug Control Programme. Retrieved from www.nzdl.org>gsdlmod.
UNODC (2011). United Nation office on Drugs and Crimes World Drug report. Retrieved from https://www.unodc.org/unodc/en/data-and-analysis/WDR-2011.html
UNODC (2017). World Drug Report. United Nation Office on Drugs and Crime. 2017. Retrieved from https://www.unodc.org/wdr2017/field/Booklet_1_EXSUM.pdf
Yomi, K. (2019). A National survey has confirmed the massive scale of Nigeria’s Drug problem. QuartzAfrica htts//qz.com>Africa>Nigeria.
How to Cite
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
IJSSER is open access journal under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction. All the published materials in IJSSER are free of charge. Researchers and authors can download the published article in IJSSER and allow them to read, copy, distribute, submit to their institution’s library, and any other repositories without the remix. As well as, they are must distribute the material under the same license as original published material.
Open Access Policy
IJSSER has an open access policy to its content to make the research freely available, easy to access, and support to the global exchange knowledge under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 . Researchers and academicians are allowed to download, copy, print, and access the link for the full text of the published material without any charges.