International Journal of social Sciences and Economic Review <p><strong>International Journal of Social Sciences and Economic review (IJSSER) (</strong>Online ISSN:2706-9346) is a double-blind peer-reviewed quarterly journal that encourages the latest research on the social sciences, and Economic globally. The aims of the journal are to publish quality research and provide access to international libraries to promote the original content in the field of social sciences and economics. The journal adheres to the double-blind peer review process to maintain quality and originality. IJSSER is a non-profit, academic journal that accepts the high quality theoretical or empirical works throughout the world that contribute genuine knowledge and research in the fields of social sciences and economics. In the 21st century, overcoming such problems seems to be challenging for educators and practitioners.</p> en-US <p>IJSSER is open access journal under the terms of the&nbsp;<a href="">Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0</a>&nbsp;which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction. All the published materials in IJSSER are free of charge. Researchers and authors can download the published article in IJSSER and allow them to read, copy, distribute, submit to their institution’s library, and any other repositories without the remix. As well as, they are must distribute the material under the same license as original published material.</p> <p><strong>Open Access Policy</strong></p> <p>IJSSER has an open access policy to its content to make the research freely available, easy to access, and support to the global exchange knowledge&nbsp;under the terms of the&nbsp;<a href="">Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0</a>&nbsp;. Researchers and academicians are allowed to download, copy, print, and access the link for the full text of the published material without any charges.&nbsp;</p> (Editor Journal) (Editorial Manager) Fri, 27 Mar 2020 00:00:00 +0000 OJS 60 Strengthening Nigeria-India Intelligence Cooperation: Much To Do In Fighting Boko Haram <p><strong>Purpose of the study:</strong> This paper examines the span period of time that has passed since when terrorist group, loosely known as Boko Haram otherwise Jama'at ahlus-Sunnah lid-Da'awat wal-Jihad (the people committed to the teaching of Prophet, for provocation and Jihad), launched atrocities against innocent civilians mainly in the dominant Muslim northeast Nigeria as an ostensible process of paving the way for the implementation of Shari'ah law in the country.</p> <p><strong>Methodology:</strong>&nbsp; Qualitative data analysis is applied to conduct this research. Books, journals, and research reports compiled on Boko Haram atrocities were consulted as sources of information. The Indo-Nigeria bilateral ties on the economy and intelligence guide this research to the conclusion.</p> <p><strong>Finding:</strong> On one side, this study concludes that the fertile ground of the ongoing crisis is championed by the rampant poverty, disparity in the distribution of wealth, and a high rate of illiteracy. While in the other, it finalizes that the long-term experience India has on terrorist-related activities within its territories equip her to develop soft landing-approaches that hold various attacks carried out by the insurgents so much undermined. It nevertheless, finalizes that the alleged relationship between the sect and some top political elites and even some higher-ranking security officers began against a backdrop of faceless insurgents. However, Nigeria's domestic pressures, including poverty, illiteracy, religio-tribalism as well as regional sentimentalism, among other factors that bolster the heavyweight size and bulky of the insurgency in the region.</p> <p><strong>Application:</strong> This work is most usefully crucial for both students and readers those that develop an interest in African Studies, International Relations, and Conflict resolution as well.</p> <p>Novelty/Originality: Boko Haram claims that waging war against the current leadership of Nigeria seized by corrupt individuals and forged Muslims is obligatory. As India faces similar threats and thus passes through experience of dealing with terror insurgents, this paper aims at exploring how India and Nigeria can multiply efforts to fighting the Boko Haram sect.</p> Ghazali Bello Abubakar (Author) ##submission.copyrightStatement## Mon, 23 Mar 2020 11:52:40 +0000 Hostage Situation And Its Resolution In Ethiopia <p><strong>Purpose of the study:</strong> One of the modus operandi of criminals such as terrorist, emotional, mentally ill person to achieve their need is held person hostage, especially government officials, investors, and tourists. The police also used to force to secure peace and security, but now the police use the hostage negotiation team to save the life of hostage-taker and hostage. These hostage-takers take innocent hostage persons as means of negotiation, which may terrorize everybody, such as an investor, tourist, and vulnerable group, which have a negative impact on the development and peace of the country. Additionally, the right to life is the mother of other human rights. The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the practice of hostage situation and its resolution</p> <p><strong>Methodology:</strong>&nbsp; Data were collected through document review and interviews of police and victim, who were selected purposively since they have direct relation. This is desktop research and descriptive design. The data were collected through document review and media review. The collected data were analyzed thematically.</p> <p><strong>Finding:</strong> The result of the analysis data shows that there is a hostage situation in Ethiopia, and the response of the police is the use of force than the negotiation team.</p> <p><strong>Application:</strong> The police should establish a hostage negotiation department with professional negotiators. The governments also should enact negotiation policy and strategy in Ethiopia.</p> <p><strong>Novelty/Originality:</strong> There is a hostage situation, and its resolution lacks clear guidelines in Ethiopia, and nobody studied it. Therefore, this study may use as reference material for students'; the government may use it as input for policy and lawmakers.</p> Negesse Asnake Ayalew (Author) ##submission.copyrightStatement## Mon, 23 Mar 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Special Investigative Techniques For Human Trafficking Investigation In Ethiopia <p><strong>Purpose of the study: </strong>The police have the responsibility of balancing the protection of the public from harm with respecting the human right of the suspect during the prevention and investigation of crimes. However; it is difficult to strike absolute balances since it is determined based on government police is due process or crime control model especially the case of special investigation techniques, which are the covert means of investigation of serious crime and criminals based on the principles of legality, necessity, proportionality, and adequate safeguard. The purpose of this doctrinal article is to evaluate the role of special crime investigation techniques for drug trafficking in Ethiopia.</p> <p><strong>Methodology:</strong>&nbsp; Data were collected through document review and interview crime investigators, who were selected purposively since they have a direct relation. This is qualitative research and descriptive design. The collected data were analyzed thematically.</p> <p><strong>Findings: </strong>The findings of this research revealed that there are some provisions of special investigation techniques in FDRE criminal justice policy, anti-human trafficking, and smuggling of migrant proclamation. However, these legal bases are not comprehensive such as the types of special investigation techniques, who conduct it, and how long the requirements to conduct these were not answered.</p> <p><strong>Application: </strong>Therefore, the house of people representative should enact all-inclusive law on special investigation techniques for human trafficking in Ethiopia. The general attorney also should create awareness to the public about it.</p> <p><strong>Novelty</strong>: Human trafficking investigation is challenging ous in Ethiopia, and nobody studied it. Therefore, this study may use as reference material for students’; the government may use it as input for policy and lawmakers.</p> Negesse Asnake Ayalew (Author) ##submission.copyrightStatement## Mon, 23 Mar 2020 14:44:42 +0000 Access to Credit on the Growth of Women Entrepreneurs in Jos, Plateau State: The Influence of Financial Support Services <p><strong>Purpose of the study:</strong> The activities of women represent an untapped source of economic growth in any developing economy, and entrepreneurship is one way of using that vast pool of human resources as intermediaries for wealth creation. For this reason, the strong linkage between financial sector services and women entrepreneurship has continued to generate tremendous interest among researchers, practitioners, policymakers, and other stakeholders both at the national and international levels. The primary goal remains how to deepen financial inclusion of women to enhance their participation in entrepreneurship activities.</p> <p><strong>Methodology: </strong>The study thus examines the influence of financial support services on the performance of women entrepreneurs in Jos, Plateau state. The study adopted a descriptive research design and applied multiple regression techniques for empirical analysis.</p> <p><strong>Findings:</strong> Findings from the analysis revealed that financial credit awareness has a positive and significant impact on the growth of women entrepreneurs in Jos metropolis. This is basically because most women entrepreneurs have received invaluable business information from the financial sector, which has gone a long way to impact positively on the development of their business in Plateau state.&nbsp; Similarly, access to credit had no significant influence on the growth of women entrepreneurs in Jos metropolis. Lack of collateral, inadequate income statement, and high interest charged on loans made access to credit difficult for women entrepreneurs residing in Jos metropolis, and thus, it has stagnated their business growth. In addition, financial guarantor has an insignificant impact on the growth of women entrepreneurs.</p> <p><strong>Application:</strong> Based on these findings, financial institutions should strive to reduce the stringent conditions attached to loan guarantors to ensure easy accessibility of credit by women entrepreneurs to realize a significant impact on their entrepreneurial contribution to the productivity in the state.</p> <p><strong>Novelty/Originality:</strong> There is need for the government to develop a policy that will enhance credit assurance services and improve financial information infrastructure for financial accessibility of women-owned businesses in Nigeria</p> Umejiaku R.I (Author) ##submission.copyrightStatement## Mon, 23 Mar 2020 00:00:00 +0000